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New Zealand dairy prices set to rise next year
International dairy prices are at a "particularly bad" part of the cycle, but are expected to improve substantially in the first half of next year, rural lending specialist Rabobank says.

New York-based Tim Hunt, who leads Rabobank's global dairy research team, said the market remained "fundamentally bearish".

Last week, prices fell by 7.9 per cent, at the latest GlobalDairyTrade auction - the third decline in row. Whole milk powder prices, the key product for determining Fonterra's farmgate milk price, fell by 11 per cent to US$2148 a tonne. Fonterra's farmgate milk sits at $4.60 a kg of milksolids - well short of the $5.30 kg required to break even. The forecast will be reviewed early next month.

Rabobank expects wholemilk power prices to recover to US$2500 a tonne by the first quarter of next year and to US$3000 by the middle of the year.

Hunt and other analysts have pointed the finger at the European Union, which has continued to raise production despite low prices, for the ongoing supply/demand imbalance that has depressed prices.

"Demand remains weakish," he said. "We are struggling to turn off the supply growth around the world and we have a significant inventory to deal with.

"The fundamental message here is that the market is still too weak to sustain ongoing recovery in prices this calendar year."

Hunt said the global supply/demand imbalance remained at the core of the problem.

"This is one of the problems and one of the particular characteristics of this downward cycle.

We believe we have seen a particularly bad cycle that is going to take at least another six months to come out of, but we don't believe we have seen a structural change in the medium term market place.
Rabobank rural specialist Tim Hunt.

"New Zealand is the only region where milk prices have fallen to extremely low levels, triggering those reductions in supply that we are looking for to rebalance this market. In Europe, the weak euro, the co-operative propping up of milk prices, and the quota systems removal, has meant that supply growth has been stronger there than it ordinarily would be."

In the US, production is still growing but only just. The milking herd declined slightly for the second straight month while prices begin to further decline. In the key state of California, production was off by 5.5 per cent compared with October last year.

Russia's ban on dairy imports from the rest of Europe had meant a lot of product was finding its way on the secondary markets of Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Africa. This, in turn, meant those regions were sitting on sizeable inventories and were less inclined to step back into the market.

But Hunt said the market's problems were cyclical and did not signify structural change.

"We believe we have seen a particularly bad cycle that is going to take at least another six months to come out of, but we don't believe we have seen a structural change in the medium term market place."

He said that as low prices found their way to the global farm gate the supply growth would be shut off. However, low prices would encourage demand and that in turn would lead to prices moving substantially up.

We still expect New Zealand to benefit from rising global trade. New Zealand may be entering a period of slower growth but the growth story is not over. This is still plenty of opportunity over the next five to 10 years.
Tim Hunt

"In the medium term, we still believe that economic growth in emerging markets will drive increased demand for dairy and will sustain a much higher trading range than we have seen."

In the US, larger scale farming has resulted in lower costs and lower feed costs have driven production higher over the past five years. He said the substantially stronger US dollar is expected to curtail US dairy exports. Dairying in New Zealand still faced a positive outlook.

"We still expect New Zealand to benefit from rising global trade. New Zealand may be entering a period of slower growth but the growth story is not over. This is still plenty of opportunity over the next five to 10 years."


source: NZ Herald

Dairy Prices set for substantial recovery by mid 2016
The recent collapse in dairy prices does not equate to long-term structural market change in the sector, rural lending specialist Rabobank said.

The bank said in a commentary that while the sector was experiencing a severe cyclical downturn, a "substantial" improvement in prices was still expected by mid-2016.

Rabobank NZ chief executive Ben Russell said the long-term fundamentals for the dairy sector have not altered.

"Contrary to some recent analysis and commentary on the New Zealand dairy sector, Rabobank's view is the current price trough is part of an extended negative phase of the commodity cycle and not a structural, permanent change to supply and demand dynamics," he said.

"While the season ahead will undoubtedly be difficult for dairy farmers, the bank is firmly of the view that prices will recover to more sustainable levels over the medium term," he said.

"Current market conditions are not the 'new normal', but a highly abnormal part of a difficult cycle," he said.

New Zealand remained well-placed to continue to play an important in this improved future for the global dairy industry. "But first it must ride out the storm," the bank said in a report.

Rabobank senior dairy analyst Michael Harvey said the extent of the market collapse was - for most in the industry - "beyond expectation" and inevitably led to milk price forecasts for the 2015/16 season being slashed.

A 19 per cent fall in prices over the course of two GDT auctions in July and August took the market down from already painful levels to a low not seen since 2002.

"Given NZ production costs have increased significantly since 2002, you have to go even further back to finding pricing this far below the cost of production," Harvey said.

The report said the global dairy market had already been well on its way to a correction in 2014 - from previous record-high prices.

"Unfortunately, this downturn was then exacerbated by several other developments, including China slashing its purchases, Russia banning dairy imports from the EU, plus EU dairy quotas being removed in April this year," it said.

Rabobank said that while dairy prices were unlikely to be much improved over the next six months - as the market "strives to turn off the taps of supply growth in the face of weak demand requirements" - the factors that will trigger a turnaround were now in place.

In the medium term, Rabobank said that in wholemilk powder equivalent terms, prices would need to hit between US$3000-$4000 tonne in order to balance the global market.

On the NZX, whole milk futures prices have rallied on the prospect of less product being put up for sale by Fonterra, suggesting physical prices may start to rebound at tomorrow's GlobalDairyTrade (GDT) auction.

Fonterra has forecast a 2 per cent fall in milk production this season, but analysts said increased culling, declining use of supplementary feed, and less off-farm grazing could lead to a bigger decline, which would also be supportive for prices.


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